Structural dynamics in quantum solids. I. Steady-state spectroscopy of the electronic bubble in solid hydrogens

The structural changes due to formation of electronic bubbles in solid D2 are studied by fluorescence, fluorescence-excitation, and fluorescence-depletion spectroscopy of the lowest Rydberg state, A 2S+(3ss), of the NO impurity. The A X band is strongly blue-shifted (.apprx.0.7 eV) with respect to the gas phase and shows a very broad (full width at half max. .apprx.2000 cm-1) and asym. profile. The shift results from the strong repulsion due to the overlap of the extended Rydberg orbital with the matrix species, while the width and asymmetry are governed by quantum effects on the ground-state intermol. wave function. Fluorescence occurs with large absorption-emission Stokes shifts, bringing the A-state emission energy to its gas-phase value, which indicates a very loose cavity around the excited mol. A line-shape anal. of the A-X absorption and emission bands allows one to ext. 1-dimensional intermol. NO-matrix potentials of both involved states. The authors est. the bubble radius to .apprx.5 .ANG., in good agreement with values from the literature for the bubble radius of the solvated electron. Fluorescence-depletion spectra of the A state are also presented along with the ground-state transitions to the higher C 2P(3pp) and D 2S+(3ps) states. They are used to generate intermol. potentials for the C and D states, which are essential ingredients for ultrafast pump-probe expts. of the bubble dynamics. The results obtained for D2 matrixes are compared with those previously published for H2 matrixes. [on SciFinder (R)]

Published in:
Journal of Chemical Physics, 116, 11, 4542-4552

 Record created 2006-02-27, last modified 2018-03-17

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)