Auto-passivation of crystal defects in hybrid imidazolium/methylammonium lead iodide films by fumigation with methylamine affords high efficiency perovskite solar cells

Hybrid perovskite solar cells have attracted tremendous interest in the photovoltaic community. Despite their high defect tolerance, reducing the trap density by material engineering and surface modification is still critical to further boost performance. Here, methylammonium lead(II) iodide perovskite has been doped with imidazolium iodide in high concentrations (10-30 mol%) to boost solar cell performance, by passivating defects. Fumigation with methylamine results in the deprotonation of the embedded imidazolium cations, generating imidazole and methylammonium cations. The resulting (neutral) imidazole is extruded from the 3-D perovskite crystal and distributes around the crystal leading to auto-passivation of crystal defects. The structure of the imidazolium-PbI3 salt intermediate (i.e. formed in the absence of the methylammonium cation) has been determined and the resulting perovskite film characterized. Employed in solar cells, a power conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 20.14% is demonstrated.


Published in:
Nano Energy, 58, 105-111
Year:
Apr 01 2019
ISSN:
2211-2855
2211-3282
Keywords:
Laboratories:


Note: The status of this file is: Anyone


 Record created 2019-03-29, last modified 2020-06-03

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