Doping and phase segregation in Mn2+- and Co2+-doped lead halide perovskites from Cs-133 and H-1 NMR relaxation enhancement

Lead halide perovskites belong to a broad class of compounds with appealing optoelectronic and photovoltaic properties. Doping with transition metal ions such as Mn2+ and Co2+ has recently been reported to substantially enhance luminescence and stability of these materials. However, so far atomic-level evidence for incorporation of the dopants into perovskite phases has been missing. Here, we introduce a general and straightforward method for confirming the substitutional doping of bulk perovskite phases with paramagnetic dopants. Using Cs-133 and H-1 solid-state MAS NMR relaxation measurements we provide for the first time direct evidence that, consistent with current understanding, Mn2+ is incorporated into the perovskite lattice of CsPbCl3 and CsPbBr3 and does not form clusters. We also show that, contrary to current conviction, Co2+ is not incorporated into the perovskite lattice of MAPbI(3).


Published in:
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 7, 5, 2326-2333
Year:
Feb 07 2019
ISSN:
2050-7488
2050-7496
Keywords:
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 Record created 2019-02-15, last modified 2019-06-19

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