Mécanismes d'isomérisation et d'échange de ligand de complexes octaédriques labiles de cobalt (II): étude par RMN et haute pression
There are only few structural thermodynamic and kinetic studies on labile octahedral complexes available today. Octahedral paramagnetic compounds of cobalt(II) have an optimum electronic relaxation leading to NMR spectra with good resolution. Therefore, they are excellent candidates to follow substitution and isomerisation processes by multinuclear NMR at variable pressure and temperature. This work groups the study of nine labile complexes (three families of compounds with three examples each) which can exist in different isomeric forms. The first part of the work concerns octahedral complexes with bis-chelating ligands of the general formula [Co(LA)2Rpy2] with LA being a bidentate acetylacetonate ligand and Rpy a monodentate ligand of the γ-substituted pyridine type. The second part of the work concerns octahedral complexes with tris-chelating ligands of the general [Co(LA)2(LB)] with LA being a bidentate acetylacetonate ligand and LB a bidentate ligand of the γ-substituted bipyridine type. The third part of the work concerns trinuclear heterometallic complexes with the general formula [Fe2M(μ3-O)(μ2-Ac)6(Rpy)3] with M = CoII, NiII and Rpy a monodentate ligand of the γ-substituted pyridine type. Each type of the metal centres has an octahedral geometry. For each example chosen, the different species present in equilibrium in solution have been identified and the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters measured are discussed. Mechanisms for isomerisation and ligand exchange are proposed on the basis of variable temperature and pressure kinetics data. It has been shown that the bis-chelate compounds isomerise via a dissociative mechanism (with an intermediate of bipyramid geometry). The monodentate ligand participates more or less depending on its donor character. In the case of complexes with γ-methylpyridine, the mechanism consists essentially of an opening of one arm of the bidentate ligand (with little exchange of the pyridine). However, in the case of complexes with γ-trifluoromethylpyridine, a more frequent exchange of the monodentate ligand is observed competing with the opening of the arm of the bidentate ligand. In the case of tris-chelate compounds the isomerisation mechanism proposed on the bases of the exchange matrix used for spectral simulations is a twist with an intermediate of prismatic geometry. This observed rates (faster) and the obtained activation parameters (smaller) are very different of those found for complexes with bis-chelating ligands. The trinuclear heterometallic complexes maintain their structure in dichloromethane solution. Variable pressure experiments allowed assigning a dissociative mechanism (D) for the exchange of pyridine on both the divalent and the trivalent centres. Experiments at variable temperature indicated an increase of lability for the trivalent metals and a decrease in lability for the divalent metals compared to the homoleptic octahedral mononuclear complexes. The activation parameters for the trinuclear heterometallic complexes are bigger than those found for the bis- and tris-chelate compounds.
Section de chimie et génie chimique
Faculté des sciences de base
Institut des sciences et ingénierie chimiques
Jury: Aurelian Gulea, Paul Joseph Dyson, Urban Frey
Public defense: 2007-1-12
Record created on 2006-10-31, modified on 2016-08-08