Journal article

Falling Films on Arrays of Horizontal Tubes with R-134a, Part I: Boiling Heat Transfer Results for Four Types of Tubes

A new falling film heat transfer test facility has been built for the measurement of local heat transfer coefficients on a vertical array of horizontal tubes, including flow visualization capabilities, for use with refrigerants. Presently, the facility has been used for evaporation tests on four types of tubes at three tube pitches and three nominal heat flux levels for R-134a at 5°C. A new method for determining local heat transfer coefficients using hot water heating has been applied, and test results for a wide range of liquid film Reynolds numbers have been measured for arrays made of plain, Turbo-BII HP, Gewa-B, and High-Flux tubes. The results show that there is a transition to partial dryout as the film Reynolds number is reduced, marked by a sharp falloff in heat transfer. Above this transition, the heat transfer coefficients are nearly insensitive to the film Reynolds number, apparently because vigorous nucleate boiling is always seen in the liquid film. The corresponding nucleate pool boiling data for the four types of tubes were also measured for direct comparison purposes. Overall, about 15,000 local heat transfer data points were obtained in this study as a function of heat flux, film Reynolds number, tube spacing, and type.


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