Displacements of the tibial tuberosity - Effects of the surgical parameters

A three-dimensional computer model is used, based on the finite element method, to investigate the effects of 1-, 1.5-, and 2-cm tibial tubercle elevations and of 0.5- and 1-cm medial displacements of the tuberosity performed with different bone shingles. Patellar kinematics and patellofemoral interface peak pressure, between 45 degrees and 135 degrees of passive knee flexion are compared for these different surgical parameters with those of a normal knee not surgically treated. The shingle lengths of 3, 5, 7, and 10 cm have little influence on the results. Augmenting tubercle medializations decrease the lateral peak pressure but result in an overpressure of the medial facet that is 154% of the normal peak value. With knee flexion between 45 degrees and 60 degrees, increasing tubercle elevations decreases lateral and medial peak pressures, With flexion of more than 60 degrees, increasing elevations decrease the lateral peak pressure, but they augment and even cause overpressure on the medial facet. An overpressure on the lateral facet also is seen in midrange knee flexion (75 degrees-90 degrees) for all tubercle elevation values. Increasing tubercle elevations and medializations appear to be the predominant parameters from a biomechanical point of view.


Published in:
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 343, 224-234
Year:
1997
ISSN:
0009-921X
Keywords:
Note:
Benvenuti, JF Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne,Pse Ecublens,Ipa,Dp,Lab Genie Med,Parc Sci a,Ch-1015 Lausanne,Switzerland Hop Orthoped Suisse Romande,Lausanne,Switzerland Stanford Univ,Div Appl Mech,Stanford,Ca 94305 Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne,Dm Chaire Stat Appl,Ch-1015 Lausanne,Switzerland YA844 Times Cited:13 Cited References Count:34
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