Journal article

Configurable Front-End Converters for Multicurrent Locomotives Operated on 16 2/3 Hz AC and 3 kV DC Systems

A configurable converter topology is presented as front-end converter for a locomotive that can be operated as well on a high voltage ac-system as on a medium voltage dc-system. The configurable converter is realized on the base of a multilevel chain, where all modules are fed through reversible and isolated dc-dc stages. The medium frequency transformers used in the isolation stages of the dc-dc converters allow a significant weight reduction of the locomotive, in comparison with the classical low-frequency voltage-transformers. A first solution using hard switching techniques is presented, using a three-times silicon-conversion. A second solution based on ZVT/ZCS techniques is then presented, with the advantage of having ideally only a two times silicon conduction. Prototype modules have been realized with association of diodes and IGBTs in order to provide reverse-blocking devices. First results of the two-stage conversion are also presented.


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