Multi-Joint Arm Movements to Investigate Motor Control with fMRI
Performing multi-joint arm movements in controllable dynamic environments during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) could provide important insights into the brain mechanisms involved in human motor control and related dysfunctions. In order to obtain useful data, these movements must be possible and comfortable for the subject within the narrow bore of the scanner and should not create any movement artifacts in the image. We found that commonly studied arm movements involving the shoulder create movement artifacts, and investigated alternative multijoint arm movements within a mock-up of an MR scanner. We selected movements involving the elbow and wrist joints, with an extension attached to the hand, and propose a dedicated kinematic structure using the MR compatible actuators we have previously developed.