Conference paper

Multimodal Group Action Clustering in Meetings

We address the problem of clustering multimodal group actions in meetings using a two-layer HMM framework. Meetings are structured as sequences of group actions. Our approach aims at creating one cluster for each group action, where the number of group actions and the action boundaries are unknown a priori. In our framework, the first layer models typical actions of individuals in meetings using supervised HMM learning and low-level audio-visual features. A number of options that explicitly model certain aspects of the data (e.g., asynchrony) were considered. The second layer models the group actions using unsupervised HMM learning. The two layers are linked by a set of probability-based features produced by the individual action layer as input to the group action layer. The methodology was assessed on a set of multimodal turn-taking group actions, using a public five-hour meeting corpus. The results show that the use of multiple modalities and the layered framework are advantageous, compared to various baseline methods.

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