Structural dynamics in quantum solids. II. Real-time probing of the electronic bubble formation in solid hydrogens

The ultrafast dynamics of electronic bubble formation upon excitation of the A(3ss) Rydberg state of NO trapped in solid H2 and D2 was studied by femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy. The evolution of the spherical bubble is followed in real time by a probe pulse, which maps the transient configurations via transitions to higher-lying Rydberg states. Bubble formation is a 1-way process and no oscillations of the bubble are obsd. In addn., thermalization of the system occurs on the time scale of bubble formation. In the process, there is a net energy flow away from the excited center and 0.55-0.6 eV leave the 1st shell around the impurity. The authors directly ext. from the exptl. data the time dependence of the bubble radius, which the authors represent by a rising exponential with time consts. of 300 +- 50 fs in solid H2 and 410 +- 30 fs in solid D2 to reach a final radius of .apprx.5 .ANG.. This is confirmed by simulations of the transients. The different energy dissipation mechanisms in the expansion of the bubble are discussed and probably emission of a sound wave is the dominant one. [on SciFinder (R)]

Published in:
Journal of Chemical Physics, 116, 11, 4553-4562

 Record created 2006-02-27, last modified 2018-03-17

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)