Infoscience

Journal article

Cyclosporin A prodrugs: design, synthesis and biophysical properties

The cyclic undecapeptide cyclosporin A (CsA) has a remarkable spectrum of diverse biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antiparasitic as well as immunosuppressive activities. However, the low water solubility of this drug is a serious problem causing undesirable pharmacological properties such as erratic oral absorption. In order to overcome this problem, the design and synthesis of water-soluble prodrugs of CsA are described. Using the OH-MeBmt-1-group as attachment site, we investigate dipeptide systems exhibiting differential tendencies for intramolecular cyclization [diketopiperazine (DKP) formation] for tailoring the chemoreversible release of the parent CsA. In modulating the chemical and structural features of the dipeptide esters (N-alkylation, side chains, C-terminal Pro), we find conversion rates at physiological conditions ranging from minutes to several days. Together with their thermodynamic stability in the solid state and strongly enhanced solubility in water, these chemoreversible CsA prodrugs represent versatile candidates for therapeutical use.

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