Resonating large angle and low consumption micromachined optical scanner
A monolithic silicon integrated optical micro-scanner is presented. The device consists of a mirror located an the tip of a thermal bimorph actuator beam. The fabrication process is very simple and compatible with IC fabrication techniques. The device is excited electrothermomechanically at its resonance frequency, enabling large angular deflections at low power consumption. The technological process consists of basic frontside silicon micromachining steps requiring only three mask levels. The moving part is defined by selective silicon bulk etching. The bimorph beam is made of silicon dioxide and a thin film conductor. The residual stress in the two layers is used to achieve a 45 degrees out-of-plane rest position of the mirror. This allows optical components (e.g, laser diode, collimating lens) to be placed directly on the silicon substrate. Mirrors of 500*300 and 1000*500 mu m(2) with resonant frequencies at 300 and 100 Hz respectively were realized. Mechanical scan angles of above 90 degrees were acheived. The devices are very robust and have run through fatigue tests of billions of cycles at 300 Hz and 90 degrees deflection. The power consumption of the device is typically 1mW for 30 degrees mechanical scan angles.
Record created on 2005-09-13, modified on 2016-08-08