After a quarter century of mobile robot research, applications of this fascinating technology appear in real-world settings. Some require operation in environments that are densely cluttered with moving obstacles. Public mass exhibitions or conventions are examples of such challenging environments. This dissertation addresses the navigational challenges that arise in settings where mobile robots move among people and possibly need to directly interact with humans who are not used to dealing with technical details. Two important aspects are solved: Reliable reactive obstacle avoidance to guarantee safe operation, and smooth path planning that allows to dynamically adapt environment information to the motion of surrounding persons and objects. Given the existing body of research results in the ﬁeld of obstacle avoidance and path planning, which is reviewed in this context, particular attention is paid to integration aspects for leveraging advantages while compensating drawbacks of various methods. In particular, grid-based wavefront propagation (NF1 and fast marching level set methods), dynamic path representation (bubble band concept), and high-ﬁdelity execution (dynamic window approach) are combined in novel ways. Experiments demonstrate the robustness of the obstacle avoidance and path planning systems.