Finite element method analysis of the coupling effect between superconducting filaments of different aspect ratio
Using 3D finite element method (FEM) modelling, the present work investigates the coupling effect between two finite superconductors through a resistive matrix. This effect, related to the finite length of the conductors, is typically three-dimensional and cannot be analyzed by the widely utilized 2D models. Superconductors are modelled with the non linear power law E=Ec(J/Jc)^n, which has been implemented in the FEM software. The main focus is to demonstrate the feasibility of such calculations and to establish the correlation between the coupling effect and the aspect ratio of the conductor cross-section, in order to extend the existing theory, which is only precise for superconductors of infinite slabs, fully penetrated by the magnetic field. The effect of other parameters such as the conductor length and the gap between the superconducting filaments is also considered. The latter is a parameter which does not feature in the approximate theories.