Infoscience

Journal article

Enhancement of power system transient stability using superconducting fault current limiters

Transient stability investigations consist of studying the rotor oscillations of generators (electro-mechanic oscillations, 0.1-2 Hz) after the occurrence of a fault of large amplitude, e.g. short circuit. The goal is to indicate if the generators are capable to stay synchronous after a fault has occurred. The fault duration is one of the most important factors to be determined. In fact, the shorter the fault, the more the maintaining of synchronisation can be guaranteed. Now in case of a fault, a fault current limiter has an extremely fast current transition in comparison to electro-mechanic time constants. This implies a quasi-instantaneous elimination of the fault through a limitation of the current and consequently a better ability to maintain the synchronisation of the system. We recall that in a classic system, the elimination of a fault, by opening a circuit breaker, is carried out in two or three cycles in the best case. We have here studied a simple, radial electric network configuration with a machine and an infinite network. The study covers simulations of a fault that can occur in a network and the consequences of the recovery time of the fault current limiter.

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