PE-UHPFRC is a new Ultra High-Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC), which is developed to reduce the environmental impact of conventional UHPFRC by replacing the steel fibers with synthetic ones and reducing the clinker content in the mix. The development of the dynamic elastic modulus, the evolution of free autogenous deformations and the eigenstresses development with age, under full and partial restraint conditions, were investigated for PE-UHPFRC and the results were put into perspective with that for conventional UHPFRC with steel fibers. Furthermore, the tensile responses of different mixes under imposed shrinkage were compared and discussed. The results showed a shorter setting time and consequently an earlier initiation of elastic modulus development for PE-UHPFRC compared with that of conventional UHPFRC. Furthermore, the developed eigenstresses under full restraint conditions in a PE-UHPFRC layer compared with that for conventional UHPFRC were reduced by more than 70%, which is highly beneficial especially for cast-in-place rehabilitation applications.