Noninvasive estimation of aortic hemodynamics and cardiac contractility using machine learning

Cardiac and aortic characteristics are crucial for cardiovascular disease detection. However, noninvasive estimation of aortic hemodynamics and cardiac contractility is still challenging. This paper investigated the potential of estimating aortic systolic pressure (aSBP), cardiac output (CO), and end-systolic elastance (E-es) from cuff-pressure and pulse wave velocity (PWV) using regression analysis. The importance of incorporating ejection fraction (EF) as additional input for estimating E-es was also assessed. The models, including Random Forest, Support Vector Regressor, Ridge, Gradient Boosting, were trained/validated using synthetic data (n = 4,018) from an in-silico model. When cuff-pressure and PWV were used as inputs, the normalized-RMSEs/correlations for aSBP, CO, and E-es (best-performing models) were 3.36 +/- 0.74%/0.99, 7.60 +/- 0.68%/0.96, and 16.96 +/- 0.64%/0.37, respectively. Using EF as additional input for estimating E-es significantly improved the predictions (7.00 +/- 0.78%/0.92). Results showed that the use of noninvasive pressure measurements allows estimating aSBP and CO with acceptable accuracy. In contrast, E-es cannot be predicted from pressure signals alone. Addition of the EF information greatly improves the estimated E-es. Accuracy of the model-derived aSBP compared to in-vivo aSBP (n = 783) was very satisfactory (5.26 +/- 2.30%/0.97). Future in-vivo evaluation of CO and E-es estimations remains to be conducted. This novel methodology has potential to improve the noninvasive monitoring of aortic hemodynamics and cardiac contractility.


Published in:
Scientific Reports, 10, 1, 15015
Year:
Sep 14 2020
Publisher:
Berlin, NATURE RESEARCH
ISSN:
2045-2322
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-10-11, last modified 2020-10-13


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