Opportunities and challenges of 2D materials in back-end-of-line interconnect scaling

As the challenges in continued scaling of the integrated circuit technology escalate every generation, there is an urgent need to find viable solutions for both the front-end-of-line (transistors) and the back-end-of-line (interconnects). For the interconnect technology, it is crucial to replace the conventional barrier and liner with much thinner alternatives so that the current driving capability of the interconnects can be maintained or even improved. Due to the inherent atomically thin body thicknesses, 2D materials have recently been proposed and explored as Cu diffusion barrier alternatives. In this Perspective article, a variety of 2D materials that have been studied, ranging from graphene, h-BN, MoS2, WSe2 to TaS2, will be reviewed. Their potentials will be evaluated based on several criteria, including fundamental material properties as well as the feasibility for technology integration. Using TaS2 as an example, we demonstrate a large set of promising properties and point out that there remain challenges in the integration aspects with a few possible solutions waiting for validation. Applications of 2D materials for other functions in Cu interconnects and for different metal types will also be introduced, including electromigration, cobalt interconnects, and radio-frequency transmission lines.


Published in:
Journal Of Applied Physics, 128, 8, 080903
Year:
Aug 28 2020
Publisher:
Melville, AMER INST PHYSICS
ISSN:
0021-8979
1089-7550
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-09-24, last modified 2020-10-29


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