Factors influencing safety and efficacy of intravenous iron-carbohydrate nanomedicines: From production to clinical practice

Iron deficiency is an important subclinical disease affecting over one billion people worldwide. A growing body of clinical records supports the use of intravenous iron-carbohydrate complexes for patients where iron replenishment is necessary and oral iron supplements are either ineffective or cannot be tolerated by the gastrointestinal tract. A critical characteristic of iron-carbohydrate drugs is the complexity of their core-shell structure, which has led to differences in the efficacy and safety of various iron formulations. This review describes parameters influencing the safety and effectiveness of iron-carbohydrate complexes during production, storage, handling, and clinical application. We summarized the physicochemical and biological assessments of commercially available iron carbohydrate nanomedicines to provide an overview of publicly available data. Further, we reviewed studies that described how subtle differences in the manufacturing process of iron-carbohydrate complexes can impact on the physicochemical, biological, and clinical outcomes of original product versus their intended copies or so-called iron "similar" products.


Published in:
Nanomedicine-Nanotechnology Biology And Medicine, 26, 102178
Year:
Jun 01 2020
ISSN:
1549-9634
1549-9642
Keywords:
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This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
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Note: The status of this file is: Anyone


 Record created 2020-06-17, last modified 2020-06-18

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