The ETFL formulation allows multi-omics integration in thermodynamics-compliant metabolism and expression models

Systems biology has long been interested in models capturing both metabolism and expression in a cell. We propose here an implementation of the metabolism and expression model formalism (ME-models), which we call ETFL, for Expression and Thermodynamics Flux models. ETFL is a hierarchical model formulation, from metabolism to RNA synthesis, that allows simulating thermodynamics-compliant intracellular fluxes as well as enzyme and mRNA concentration levels. ETFL formulates a mixed-integer linear problem (MILP) that enables both relative and absolute metabolite, protein, and mRNA concentration integration. ETFL is compatible with standard MILP solvers and does not require a non-linear solver, unlike the previous state of the art. It also accounts for growth-dependent parameters, such as relative protein or mRNA content. We present ETFL along with its validation using results obtained from a well-characterized E. coli model. We show that ETFL is able to reproduce proteome-limited growth. We also subject it to several analyses, including the prediction of feasible mRNA and enzyme concentrations and gene essentiality.

Published in:
Nature Communications, 11, 30
Jan 13 2020
Other identifiers:
Additional link:

 Record created 2020-01-15, last modified 2020-10-29

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)