Displacement Study of a Large-Scale Freeform Timber Plate Structure Using a Total Station and a Terrestrial Laser Scanner

Recent advances in timber construction have led to the realization of complex timber plate structures assembled with wood-wood connections. Although advanced numerical modelling tools have been developed to perform their structural analysis, limited experimental tests have been carried out on large-scale structures. However, experimental investigations remain necessary to better understand their mechanical behaviour and assess the numerical models developed. In this paper, static loading tests performed on timber plate shells of about 25 m span are reported. Displacements were measured at 16 target positions on the structure using a total station and on its entire bottom surface using a terrestrial laser scanner. Both methods were compared to each other and to a finite element model in which the semi-rigidity of the connections was represented by springs. Total station measurements provided more consistent results than point clouds, which nonetheless allowed the visualization of displacement fields. Results predicted by the model were found to be in good agreement with the measurements compared to a rigid model. The semi-rigid behaviour of the connections was therefore proven to be crucial to precisely predict the behaviour of the structure. Furthermore, large variations were observed between as-built and designed geometries due to the accumulation of fabrication and construction tolerances.

Publié dans:
Sensors, 20, 2, 413
Jan 11 2020
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.

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