Cryo-CMOS Electronics for Quantum Computing Applications

Quantum computers hold the promise to solve some of the most complex problems of today. The core of a quantum computer is a quantum processor, which is composed of quantum bits (qubits). Qubits are fragile and their state needs to be corrected in real time by a classical controller. Today, the control of qubits is done at room temperature by racks of instruments, while qubits operate at several tens of milli-Kelvin. To ensure compactness, and eventually scalability, we have proposed the use of controllers operating at a few Kelvin, so as to reduce the length of control cables, while potentially enabling superconductive interconnects, which enable virtually zero resistance and low thermal conductivity. We have chosen CMOS to achieve this functionality due to its scalable nature and overall miniaturization opportunities. Cryogenic CMOS, or cryo-CMOS, circuits and systems need to be carefully designed, so as to ensure low noise and high bandwidth, while operating at strict power budgets of a few milliwatts per qubit. In this paper, we outline the requirements of a classical controller and we show examples of such circuits and systems. Results and perspectives are presented discussing a roadmap for the future.

Published in:
ESSCIRC 2019 - IEEE 45th European Solid State Circuits Conference, 1-6
Presented at:
IEEE 45th European Solid State Circuits Conference - ESSCIRC 2019, Cracow, Poland, 23–26 September, 2019
Nov 18 2019
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 Record created 2020-01-10, last modified 2020-01-13

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