We report broad bandwidth blue superluminescent light-emitting diodes (SLEDs) based on a short-cavity active region. The dependencies of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) output power and gain bandwidth on cavity length were investigated in devices whose gain medium consists of a ridge waveguide with embedded InGaN/GaN quantum wells sandwiched between one etched facet coated with a high reflectivity distributed Bragg mirror and one cleaved facet with an anti-reflection coating. 250 mu m-long blue SLEDs exhibit a spectral bandwidth up to 7.5 nm at 1.72 mW output power at a wavelength of 427 nm. As cavity length decreases, the bandwidth gradually broadens up to 15 nm for the shortest, 40 mu m-long, SLED devices. ASE is confirmed by current-dependent electroluminescence spectra and polarization-dependent emission intensity measurements. The optical features of those short-cavity devices could be helpful for designing broad bandwidth SLEDs aiming for various applications such as optical coherence tomography, next generation displays, on-chip biosensing and imaging. (C) The Author(s) 2019. Published by ECS.