Common genetic variants associated with Parkinson's disease display widespread signature of epigenetic plasticity

Parkinson disease (PD) is characterized by a pivotal progressive loss of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons and aggregation of alpha-synuclein protein encoded by the SNCA gene. Genome-wide association studies identified almost 100 sequence variants linked to PD in SNCA. However, the consequences of this genetic variability are rather unclear. Herein, our analysis on selective single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which are highly associated with the PD susceptibility revealed that several SNP sites attribute to the nucleosomes and overlay with bivalent regions poised to adopt either active or repressed chromatin states. We also identified large number of transcription factor (TF) binding sites associated with these variants. In addition, we located two docking sites in the intron-1 methylation prone region of SNCA which are required for the putative interactions with DNMT1. Taken together, our analysis reflects an additional layer of epigenomic contribution for the regulation of the SNCA gene in PD.


Published in:
Scientific Reports, 9, 18464
Year:
Dec 05 2019
Publisher:
London, Springer
ISSN:
2045-2322
Keywords:
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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
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Note: The status of this file is: Anyone


 Record created 2019-12-25, last modified 2020-05-19

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