Reliability of daylight and energy demand evaluations for decision making at the conceptual design stage of neighborhood design

When conducting building performance simulation (BPS) at the early design stage, potential impact on design decisions is the greatest. However, the reliability of evaluations resulting from early design stage BPS models may suffer given that building attributes likely to be influential on a neighbourhood project’s performance are often undecided. In this paper, we investigated the risk of making incorrect early design decisions by comparing performance estimations of daylight potential (sDA) and energy demand for heating/cooling of a range of neighbourhood massing schemes at low and high level of design development. The approach consisted of isolating and measuring the risk of performance loss (i.e. of being wrong in “ranking” the neighbourhood’s overall daylight or energy performance) due to unknown building façade attributes. Cooling demand evaluations were found to be most reliable (92% cases resulting in low risk of performance loss due to unknown façade attributes). Spatial Daylight Autonomy (sDA) and heating demand based assessments resulted in lower reliability (78%, 85% low risk cases respectively).

Published in:
16th IBPSA International Conference and Exhibition
Presented at:
16th International Conference of the International Building Performance Simulation Association IBPSA, Rome, Italy, September 2-4, 2019
Sep 02 2019

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 Record created 2019-11-21, last modified 2020-04-13

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