Design of a Pilot SOFC System for the Combined Production of Hydrogen and Electricity under Refueling Station Requirements

The objective of the current work is to support the design of a pilot hydrogen and electricity producing plant that uses natural gas (or biomethane) as raw material, as a transition option towards a 100% renewable transportation system. The plant, with a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) as principal technology, is intended to be the main unit of an electric vehicle station. The refueling station has to work at different operation periods characterized by the hydrogen demand and the electricity needed for supply and self-consumption. The same set of heat exchangers has to satisfy the heating and cooling needs of the different operation periods. In order to optimize the operating variables of the pilot plant and to provide the best heat exchanger network, the applied methodology follows a systematic procedure for multi-objective, i.e. maximum plant efficiency and minimum number of heat exchanger matches, and multi-period optimization. The solving strategy combines process flow modeling in steady state, superstructure-based mathematical programming and the use of an evolutionary-based algorithm for optimization. The results show that the plant can reach a daily weighted efficiency exceeding 60%, up to 80% when considering heat utilization.


Published in:
Fuel Cells, 19, 4, 389-407
Presented at:
13th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Solid Oxide Electrolysers (SOE) Forum (EFCE), Lucerne, SWITZERLAND, Jul 03-06, 2018
Year:
Aug 01 2019
Publisher:
Weinheim, WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
ISSN:
1615-6846
1615-6854
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-09-14, last modified 2020-04-20


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