Ultrahydrophobic 3D/2D fluoroarene bilayer-based water-resistant perovskite solar cells with efficiencies exceeding 22%

Preventing the degradation of metal perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by humid air poses a substantial challenge for their future deployment. We introduce here a two-dimensional (2D) A(2)PbI(4) perovskite layer using pentafluoro-phenylethylammonium (FEA) as a fluoroarene cation inserted between the 3D light-harvesting perovskite film and the hole-transporting material (HTM). The perfluorinated benzene moiety confers an ultrahydrophobic character to the spacer layer, protecting the perovskite light-harvesting material from ambient moisture while mitigating ionic diffusion in the device. Unsealed 3D/2D PSCs retain 90% of their efficiency during photovoltaic operation for 1000 hours in humid air under simulated sunlight. Remarkably, the 2D layer also enhances interfacial hole extraction, suppressing nonradiative carrier recombination and enabling a power conversion efficiency (PCE) > 22%, the highest reported for 3D/2D architectures. Our new approach provides water-and heat-resistant operationally stable PSCs with a record-level PCE.


Published in:
Science Advances, 5, 6, eaaw2543
Year:
Jun 01 2019
ISSN:
2375-2548
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-07-17, last modified 2019-08-05

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