Enzyme guided catalysis of biological reactions and their industrial synthesis is of great interest, accounting for less energy consumption, eco-friendly solutions and high substrate specificity provided by these proteins. The textile industry accounts for a major portion of the industrial enzymes in various steps of the desizing, bioscouring, biobleaching, stone washing and dyeing process. The current review focuses on providing the role of various enzymes utilised in the textile industry, their mechanism of action and microbial sources. Finally, the key strategies adapted to optimised production and increased yield of enzymes are also discussed.