Naphthalene crystal shape prediction from molecular dynamics simulations

We used molecular dynamics simulations to predict the steady state crystal shape of naphthalene grown from ethanol solution. The simulations were performed at constant supersaturation by utilizing a recently proposed algorithm [Perego et al., J. Chem. Phys., 2015, 142, 144113]. To bring the crystal growth within the timescale of a molecular dynamics simulation we applied well-tempered metadynamics with a spatially constrained collective variable, which focuses the sampling on the growing layer. We estimated that the resulting steady state crystal shape corresponds to a rhombic prism, which is in line with experiments. Further, we observed that at the investigated supersaturations, the {00 (1) over bar} face grows in a two step two dimensional nucleation mechanism while the considerably faster growing faces {1 (1) over bar0} and {20 (1) over bar} grow new layers with a one step two dimensional nucleation mechanism.


Published in:
Crystengcomm, 21, 21, 3280-3288
Year:
Jun 07 2019
ISSN:
1466-8033
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-06-27, last modified 2019-06-27

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