Novel PDE6B Mutation Presenting with Retinitis Pigmentosa - A Case Series of Three Patients

Background Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) affects 2.5 million people worldwide. Increased identification of causative gene defects and the increasing possibility of treatment necessitates better knowledge of phenotype-genotype correlations to help identify patients who would benefit from targeted gene therapy and improve patients' care. Here, we report on three RP patients with mutations in the PDE6. Gene that have not been described previously. History and Signs Three patients with a PDE6B mutation were identified: 1. A 30-year-old male with a homozygotous mutation (c.[2351dupA],[2351dupA], p.[Q785Gfs*20], [Q785Gfs*20]) who was followed for 8 years. 2. A 54-year-old Caucasian woman with a heterozygous mutation [p.(K611Nfs*6), p.(Q567*)] who was followed for 40 years. 3. A 46-year-old Caucasian male [p.(E271K), p.(R627_E631del)]. All had noted an onset in childhood and complained of night blindness and photophobia. Typical bone spiculae were seen, and peripheral visual fields were progressively affected in all patients. Ganzfeld-ERG showed typical signs of rod-cone dystrophy. Patients 1 and 2 underwent cataract surgery at ages 27 and 36 years with an improvement in vision, while patient 3 had not developed a cataract at age 54. Conclusions In children complaining of night blindness, a PDE6B-associated RP needs to be taken into consideration. Apart from helping patients with optical aids, such as polarizing filters or magnification, a specific diagnosis is especially important in view of emerging genetic treatment options. In particular, in RP patients with a PDE6. mutation, a phase I/II study is currently ongoing (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03328130).


Publié dans:
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde, 236, 4, 562-567
Année
Apr 01 2019
ISSN:
0023-2165
1439-3999
Mots-clefs:
Laboratoires:




 Notice créée le 2019-06-18, modifiée le 2019-06-18


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