Giant shape memory and domain memory effects in antiferroelectric single crystals

We report irreversible and reversible antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transitions, shape memory and domain memory effects in (Pb,La)(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3 antiferroelectric tetragonal single crystals. We find that electric-field-induced antiferroelectric to ferroelectric phase transition is an irreversible process at temperatures below depolarization temperature (~50 °C), and achieve a giant shape memory strain value of 0.70% at room temperature. With the help of in situ polarized light microscope, we discover a reversible phase transition between antiferroelectric and ferroelectric phases and domain memory effect during the electric field cycling above the depolarization temperature. In addition, single crystal X-ray diffraction results reveal that field-induced transformations between incommensurate antiferroelectric and commensurate ferroelectric modulations enable the emergence of shape and domain memory effects. A physical picture is proposed to explain these phase-transformation-mediated memory effects. Their discovery is expected to stimulate a systematic research upsurge of domain engineering and structure–property relationships in the quest for developing new antiferroelectric or ferroelectric devices.


Published in:
Materials Horizons
Year:
2019
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 Record created 2019-05-14, last modified 2020-10-24


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