User Guidance for Efficient Fact Checking

The Web constitutes a valuable source of information. In recent years, it fostered the construction of large-scale knowledge bases, such as Freebase, YAGO, and DBpedia. The open nature of the Web, with content potentially being generated by everyone, however, leads to inaccuracies and misinformation. Construction and maintenance of a knowledge base thus has to rely on fact checking, an assessment of the credibility of facts. Due to an inherent lack of ground truth information, such fact checking cannot be done in a purely automated manner, but requires human involvement. In this paper, we propose a comprehensive framework to guide users in the validation of facts, striving for a minimisation of the invested effort. Our framework is grounded in a novel probabilistic model that combines user input with automated credibility inference. Based thereon, we show how to guide users in fact checking by identifying the facts for which validation is most beneficial. Moreover, our framework includes techniques to reduce the manual effort invested in fact checking by determining when to stop the validation and by supporting efficient batching strategies. We further show how to handle fact checking in a streaming setting. Our experiments with three real-world datasets demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of our framework: A knowledge base of high quality, with a precision of above 90\%, is constructed with only a half of the validation effort required by baseline techniques.


 Record created 2019-03-28, last modified 2019-08-12

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