Upgrade of a low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope for electron-spin resonance

Electron spin resonance with a scanning tunneling microscope (ESR-STM) combines the high energy resolution of spin resonance spectroscopy with the atomic scale control and spatial resolution of STM. Here we describe the upgrade of a helium-3 STM with a 2D vector-field magnet (B-z = 8.0 T, B-x = 0.8 T) to an ESR-STM. The system is capable of delivering radio frequency (RF) power to the tunnel junction at frequencies up to 30 GHz. We demonstrate magnetic field-sweep ESR for the model system TiH/MgO/Ag(100) and find a magnetic moment of (1.004 +/- 0.001)mu(B). Our upgrade enables to toggle between a DC mode, where the STM is operated with the regular control electronics, and an ultrafast-pulsed mode that uses an arbitrary waveform generator for pump-probe spectroscopy or reading of spin-states. Both modes allow for simultaneous radiofrequency excitation, which we add via a resistive pick-off tee to the bias voltage path. The RF cabling from room temperature to the 350 mK stage has an average attenuation of 18 dB between 5 and 25 GHz. The cable segment between the 350 mK stage and the STM tip presently attenuates an additional 34(-3)(+5) dB from 10 to 26 GHz and 38(-2)(+3) dB between 20 and 30 GHz. We discuss our transmission losses and indicate ways to reduce this attenuation. We finally demonstrate how to synchronize the arrival times of RF and DC pulses coming from different paths to the STM junction, a prerequisite for future pulsed ESR experiments. Published under license by AIP Publishing.

Published in:
Review Of Scientific Instruments, 90, 1, 013706
Jan 01 2019

 Record created 2019-02-20, last modified 2019-03-26

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