Fast real time and quantitative gas analysis method for the investigation of the CO2 reduction reaction mechanism

We present a new fast real time and quantitative gas analysis method by means of mass spectrometry (MS), which has approximately an order of magnitude faster sampling rate in comparison with a traditional gas chromatography. The method is presented and discussed on the example of the CO2 reduction reaction. The advantages of the method are the possibility to analyze the reaction kinetics, where the kinetically determined reaction range is often only tens of degrees wide. Furthermore, due to the fast sampling rate, the experiments are much shorter and effects due to possible aging of the catalyst are significantly reduced. The quantification of the gas partial pressures is achieved by calibrating the Faraday detector in the quadrupole MS for the expected reactants and products. One major challenge to achieve a quantitative measurement with the MS is to correct for the pressure fluctuations over the probing capillary over the course of the experiment. This fluctuation is compensated in the analysis by normalizing the sum of all calculated partial pressures to the measured reaction pressure for every measured spectrum. With that, a precise, fast, and quantitative gas analysis is achieved. This is the fundament for, e.g., the kinetic reaction analysis where a high data point density is required. The method is discussed on the example of the CO2 hydrogenation reaction to CH4 on a commercial Ru/Al2O3 catalyst. Additionally, the key features of the gas controlling and analysis setup built for the CO2 hydrogenation reaction are described. Published by AIP Publishing.

Published in:
Review Of Scientific Instruments, 89, 11, 114102
Nov 01 2018

 Record created 2018-12-13, last modified 2019-06-19

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