Development of an Efficient Dual-Action GST-Inhibiting Anticancer Platinum(IV) Prodrug

The cytotoxicity of cisplatin (cDDP) is enhanced when co-administered with ethacrynic acid (EA), a glutathione S-transferase (GST) inhibito r. A Pt-lV­ EA conjugate containing a cDDP core and two axial ethacrynate ligands (compound 1) was shown to be an excellent inhibitor of GST, but did not readily release a Pt-li species to exert a synergistic cytotoxic effect. ln this study, a redesigned Pt-IV construct composed of a cDDP core with one axial ethacrynate ligand and one axial hydroxido ligand (compound 2) was prepared and shown to overcome the limitations of compound 1. The EA ligand in 2 is readily released in vitro together with a cytotoxic Pt-li species derived from cisplatin, working together to inhibit cell proliferation in cDDP-resistant human ovarian cancer cells. The in vitro activity translates well in vivo with 2, showing effective (approximate to 80%) inhibition of tumor growth in a human ovarian carcinoma A2780 tumor model, while showing considerably lower toxicity than cisplatin, thus validating the new design strategy.

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ChemMedChem, 13, 12, 1210-1217
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 Record created 2018-07-11, last modified 2019-04-15

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