Topology classification with deep learning to improve real-time event selection at the LHC

We show how an event topology classification based on deep learning could be used to improve the purity of data samples selected in real-time at the Large Hadron Collider. We consider different data representations, on which different kinds of multi-class classifiers are trained. Both raw data and high-level features are utilized. In the considered examples, a filter based on the classifier’s score can be trained to retain ∼99% of the interesting events and reduce the false-positive rate by more than one order of magnitude. By operating such a filter as part of the online event selection infrastructure of the LHC experiments, one could benefit from a more flexible and inclusive selection strategy while reducing the amount of downstream resources wasted in processing false positives. The saved resources could translate into a reduction of the detector operation cost or into an effective increase of storage and processing capabilities, which could be reinvested to extend the physics reach of the LHC experiments.

Published in:
Computing and Software for Big Science, 3, 12
Aug 31 2019
Comments: 15 pages, 9 figures, 2 tables
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 Record created 2018-07-03, last modified 2020-03-05

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