Dynamic Modeling of Trip Completion Rate in Urban Areas with MFD Representations

A large part of the research utilizing the concept of Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) relies heavily on the PL model, an approximation of the trip completion rate derived for steady states. There exists an alternative method to the PL approximation. This alternative is known as the trip-based model, and it allows to determine the trip completion rate exactly, provided that the road network is governed by an MFD. This work investigates the soundness of the PL approximation under time-varying inflow by comparing it to the more complex trip-based model. The trip length distribution is shown to be an important determinant of the accuracy of the PL model, not only via its mean but also via its coefficient of variation. The PL approximation is exact when trip length follows an exponential distribution, and relatively good when the coefficient of variation is close to 1. Other coefficients of variation lead to the emergence of hysteresis phenomena, whose properties depend on whether the coefficient of variation is smaller or greater than 1. A third type of model (the M model) is proposed to address the cases where the PL model does not provide sufficient accuracy. The M model offers a trade-off between the PL and the trip-based model, offering a rather good accuracy at a reasonable computational cost. Despite their differences in accuracy, the PL and M models are found to perform equally well when integrated in a model predictive control framework.


Presented at:
Transportation Research Board 97th Annual Meeting, Washington DC, USA, January 7-11, 2018
Year:
2018
Laboratories:




 Record created 2018-03-21, last modified 2019-12-05


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