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Abstract

Metallodrug protein interactions contribute to their therapeutic effect (even when DNA is the dominant target), side-effects and are implicit in drug resistance. Here, we provide mass spectrometric-based evidence to show that metallodrug interactions with proteins are considerably more complex than current literature would suggest. Using native-like incubation and electrospray conditions together with an automated tool we designed for exhaustive mass spectra matching, the promiscuity of binding of cisplatin to ubiquitin is revealed, with 14 different binding sites observed. There is a binding preference to negatively charged sites on the protein, consistent with the cationic nature of the cisplatin adduct following aquation. These results have implications in metallodrug development and beyond to the toxicological effects of metal ions more generally.

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