Evaluating the need for energy storage to enhance autonomy of neighborhoods

Energy storage is generally considered as a means to bridge a period between when/where energy is available and when/where it is in demand. Storage plays an important role by providing flexibility to energy systems, increasing the potential to accommodate variable renewables generation and improving management of electricity networks. However, currently it remains unclear when and under which conditions energy storage can be profitably operated at a district level. The present study aims to quantify the level of integration of solar energy and storage in the Junction district of Geneva. A simulation tool is developed to investigate the techno-economical and environmental assessment under different scenarios. For a given investment over 20 years, the model calculates the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE), the autonomy level as well as the CO2 emissions. Given the assumptions of the model, four scenarios are analysed based on the combination of solar PV, storage, solar thermal and heat pump to find out an economically optimal configuration in terms of system size. A comparison with the Homer software is performed to test the robustness of the solar PV and battery model. The economic profitability of solar PV and battery system is in very good agreement with Homer and the autonomy level is validated by using a simulation tool created by SI-REN (Services Industriels des Energies Renouvelables de Lausanne). However, combining solar PV with battery system doesn’t bring additional autonomy to the model for Geneva study case. Under the assumptions of the model, to foster investments in solar PV and battery installations, falling investments costs seem necessary for the future. A reduction gap between buying and selling price in grid for solar panel is recommended to increase solar installations. A validated simulation tool has been developed in this work and provide a reliable based that will be extended in the future to include the thermal demand and production. The availability of thermal storage at a large scale as well as the production over a district should further increase the autonomy of the district.

Published in:
Energy Procedia - CISBAT 2017 International Conference Future Buildings & Districts - Energy Efficiency from Nano to Urban Scale, 253-258
Presented at:
CISBAT 2017 International Conference, Lausanne, Switzerland, 6-8 September 2017
Amsterdam, Elsevier

 Record created 2017-11-03, last modified 2018-03-17

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