Optospintronics in Graphene via Proximity Coupling

The observation of micrometer size spin relaxation makes graphene a promising material for applications in spintronics requiring long-distance spin communication. However, spin dependent scatterings at the contact/graphene interfaces affect the spin injection efficiencies and hence prevent the material from achieving its full potential. While this major issue could be eliminated by nondestructive direct optical spin injection schemes, graphene's intrinsically low spin-orbit coupling strength and optical absorption place an obstacle in their realisation. We overcome this challenge by creating sharp artificial interfaces between graphene and WSe2 monolayers. Application of circularly polarized light activates the spin-polarized charge carriers in the WSe2 layer due to its spin-coupled valley-selective absorption. These carriers diffuse into the superjacent graphene layer, transport over a 3.5 mu m distance, and are finally detected electrically using Co/h-BN contacts in a nonlocal geometry. Polarization-dependent measurements confirm the spin origin of the nonlocal signal. We also demonstrate that such signal is absent if graphene is contacted to bilayer WSe2 where the inversion symmetry is restored.


Published in:
ACS Nano
Year:
2017
Publisher:
Washington, American Chemical Society
ISSN:
1936-086X
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2017-11-01, last modified 2018-09-13

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