The physics mechanisms of the weakly coherent mode in the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak

The weakly coherent mode (WCM) in I-mode has been studied by a six-field two-fluid model based on the Braginskii equations under the BOUT++ framework for the first time. The calcula- tions indicate that a tokamak pedestal exhibiting a WCM is linearly unstable to drift Alfven wave (DAW) instabilities and the resistive ballooning mode. The nonlinear simulation shows promis- ing agreement with the experimental measurements of the WCM. The shape of the density spec- tral and location of the spectral peak of the dominant toroidal number mode n = 20 agrees with the experimental data from reflectometry. The simulated mode propagates in electron diamag- netic direction is consistent with the results from the magnetic probes in the laboratory frame, a large ratio of particle to heat diffusivity is consistent with the distinctive experimental feature of I-mode, and the value of the simulated chi_e at the edge is in the range of experimental errors of chi_eff from the experiment. The prediction of the WCM shows that free energy is mainly provided by the electron pressure gradient, which gives guidance for pursuing future I-mode studies.

Published in:
Physics of Plasmas, 23, 120703
American Institute of Physics

 Record created 2017-09-30, last modified 2019-02-28

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