On chirality of toroidal embeddings of polyhedral graphs

We investigate properties of spatial graphs on the standard torus. It is known that nontrivial embeddings of planar graphs in the torus contain a nontrivial knot or a non-split link due to [2, 3]. Building on this and using the chirality of torus knots and links [9, 10], we prove that the nontrivial embeddings of simple 3-connected planar graphs in the standard torus are chiral. For the case that the spatial graph contains a nontrivial knot, the statement was shown by Castle et al. [5]. We give an alternative proof using minors instead of the Euler characteristic. To prove the case in which the graph embedding contains a nonsplit link, we show the chirality of Hopf ladders with at least three rungs, thus generalizing a theorem of Simon [12].


Published in:
Journal Of Knot Theory And Its Ramifications, 26, 8, 1750050
Year:
2017
Publisher:
Singapore, World Scientific Publishing
ISSN:
0218-2165
Keywords:
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 Record created 2017-09-05, last modified 2018-03-18

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