Breaking Lorentz reciprocity to overcome the time-bandwidth limit in physics and engineering

A century-old tenet in physics and engineering asserts that any type of system, having bandwidth Delta omega, can interact with a wave over only a constrained time period Delta t inversely proportional to the bandwidth (Delta t-Delta w similar to 2 pi). This law severely limits the generic capabilities of all types of resonant and wave-guiding systems in photonics, cavity quantum electrodynamics and optomechanics, acoustics, continuum mechanics, and atomic and optical physics but is thought to be completely fundamental, arising from basic Fourier reciprocity. We propose that this "fundamental" limit can be overcome in systems where Lorentz reciprocity is broken. As a system becomes more asymmetric in its transport properties, the degree to which the limit can be surpassed becomes greater. By way of example, we theoretically demonstrate how, in an astutely designed magnetized semiconductor heterostructure, the above limit can be exceeded by orders of magnitude by using realistic material parameters. Our findings revise prevailing paradigms for linear, time-invariant resonant systems, challenging the doctrine that high-quality resonances must invariably be narrowband and providing the possibility of developing devices with unprecedentedly high time-bandwidth performance.

Published in:
Science, 356, 6344, 1260-1264

 Record created 2017-07-10, last modified 2019-03-17

Download fulltext

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)