Journal article

Carbazole-​based enamine: Low-​cost and efficient hole transporting material for perovskite solar cells.

A simple carbazole-​based conjugated enamine V950 was synthesized, fully characterized and incorporated into a perovskite solar cell, which displayed high power conversion efficiency close to 18​%. The investigated hole transporting material was synthesized via an extremely simple route (one step, no expensive catalysts, no column chromatog. or sublimation purifn.) from com. available and relatively inexpensive starting reagents, resulting in more than one order of magnitude lower cost of the final product compared to the com. 2,​2',​7,​7'-​tetrakis(N,​N-​di-​p-​methoxy-​phenylamine)​-​9-​9'-​spirobifluorene (spiro-​OMeTAD)​. This material promises to be a viable p-​type org. charge conductor to be employed in the scale-​up and manufg. of perovskite solar modules.


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