MnO nanoparticles as the cause of ferromagnetism in bulk dilute Mn-doped ZnO

We show that the observed ferromagnetic behavior of ZnO lightly doped with Mn coincides with the presence of MnO nanoparticles, whereas cluster-free Mn doped ZnO behaves paramagnetically. This conclusion is reached by a study of the structural and magnetic properties of powdered samples of (Mn-x, Zn1-x) O with x <= 0.033 using polarized neutron scattering. Two types of samples were synthesized via, respectively, a solid state method and the decomposition of hydrozincite. Further characterization has been performed using standard X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. The results show evidence for the formation of MnO nanoparticles in the highest doped samples for both synthesis methods, with a ferromagnetic behavior attributed to uncompensated Mn2+ in the MnO nanoparticles. The lower Mn-doped samples showed no evidence for structural segregation or magnetic correlations and showed only a paramagnetic behaviour. Published by AIP Publishing.

Published in:
Applied Physics Letters, 109, 25, 252405
Melville, American Institute of Physics

 Record created 2017-02-17, last modified 2018-03-17

Publisher's version:
Download fulltextPDF
External link:
Download fulltextURL
Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)