Journal article

Effect of friction on dense suspension flows of hard particles

We use numerical simulations to study the effect of particle friction on suspension flows of non-Brownian hard particles. By systematically varying the microscopic friction coefficient mu(p) and the viscous number J, we build a phase diagram that identifies three regimes of flow: frictionless, frictional sliding, and rolling. Using energy balance in flow, we predict relations between kinetic observables, confirmed by numerical simulations. For realistic friction coefficients and small viscous numbers (below J similar to 10(-3)), we show that the dominating dissipative mechanism is sliding of frictional contacts, and we characterize asymptotic behaviors as jamming is approached. Outside this regime, our observations support the idea that flow belongs to the universality class of frictionless particles. We discuss recent experiments in the context of our phase diagram.


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