Journal article

CO2 as hydrogen vector - Transition metal diamine catalysts for selective HCOOH dehydrogenation

The homogeneous catalytic dehydrogenation of formic acid in aqueous solution provides an efficient in situ method for hydrogen production, under mild conditions, and at an adjustable rate. We synthesized a series of catalysts with the chemical formula [Cp*M(N-N’)Cl] (M = Ir, Rh; Cp*= pentamethylcyclopentadienyl; N-N’= bidentate chelating nitrogen donor ligands), which have been proven active in selective formic acid decomposition in aqueous media. The scope of the study was to examine the relationship between stability and activity of catalysts for formic acid dehydrogenation versus electronic and steric properties of selected ligands, following a bottom-up approach by increasing the complexity of the N,N’-ligands progressively. The highest turnover frequency, TOF = 3300 h-1 was observed with a Cp*Ir(III) complex bearing 1,2-diaminocyclohexane as N,N’ -donor ligand. From the variable temperature studies, the activation energy of the formic acid dehydrogenation has been determined (Ea = 77.94 ± 3.2 kJ mol-1.


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