Journal article

Principal component component analysis of persistent homology rank functions with case studies of spatial point patterns, sphere packing and colloids

Persistent homology, while ostensibly measuring changes in topology, captures multiscale geometrical information. It is a natural tool for the analysis of point patterns. In this paper we explore the statistical power of the persistent homology rank functions. For a point pattern X we construct a filtration of spaces by taking the union of balls of radius a centred on points in X, X-a = U-x is an element of x B(x, a). The rank function beta(k)(X) : {(a, b) is an element of R-2 : a <= b} -> R is then defined by beta(k)(X)(a, b) = rank (l* : H-k(X-a) -> H-k(X-b)) where l* is the induced map on homology from the inclusion map on spaces. We consider the rank functions as lying in a Hilbert space and show that under reasonable conditions the rank functions from multiple simulations or experiments will lie in an affine subspace. This enables us to perform functional principal component analysis which we apply to experimental data from colloids at different effective temperatures and to sphere packings with different volume fractions. We also investigate the potential of rank functions in providing a test of complete spatial randomness of 2D point patterns using the distances to an empirically computed mean rank function of binomial point patterns in the unit square. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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