Determinants of HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibody induction

Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) are a focal component of HIV-1 vaccine design, yet basic aspects of their induction remain poorly understood. Here we report on viral, host and disease factors that steer bnAb evolution using the results of a systematic survey in 4,484 HIV-1-infected individuals that identified 239 bnAb inducers. We show that three parameters that reflect the exposure to antigen-viral load, length of untreated infection and viral diversity-independently drive bnAb evolution. Notably, black participants showed significantly (P = 0.0086-0.038) higher rates of bnAb induction than white participants. Neutralization fingerprint analysis, which was used to delineate plasma specificity, identified strong virus subtype dependencies, with higher frequencies of CD4-binding-site bnAbs in infection with subtype B viruses (P = 0.02) and higher frequencies of V2-glycan-specific bnAbs in infection with non-subtype B viruses (P = 1 x 10(-5)). Thus, key host, disease and viral determinants, including subtype specific envelope features that determine bnAb specificity, remain to be unraveled and harnessed for bnAb-based vaccine design.

Published in:
Nature Medicine, 22, 11, 1260-1267
New York, Nature Publishing Group

 Record created 2017-01-24, last modified 2020-07-29

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