Journal article

Ba3MxTi3-xO9 (M = Ir, Rh): A family of 5d/4d-based diluted quantum spin liquids

We report the structural and magnetic properties of the 4d (M = Rh) based and 5d ( M = Ir) based systems Ba3MxTi3-xO9 ( nominally x = 0.5, 1). The studied compositions were found to crystallize in a hexagonal structure with the centrosymmetric space group P6(3)/mmc. The structures comprise of A(2)O(9) polyhedra [ with the A site ( possibly) statistically occupied by M and Ti] in which pairs of transition metal ions are stacked along the crystallographic c axis. These pairs form triangular bilayers in the ab plane. The magnetic Rh and Ir ions occupy these bilayers, diluted by Ti ions even for x = 1. These bilayers are separated by a triangular layer which is dominantly occupied by Ti ions. From magnetization measurements we infer strong antiferromagnetic couplings for all of the materials but the absence of any spin-freezing or spin-ordering down to 2 K. Further, specific heat measurements down to 0.35 K show no sign of a phase transition for any of the compounds. Based on these thermodynamic measurements we propose the emergence of a quantum spin liquid ground state for Ba(3)Rh(0.)5Ti(2.5)O(9), and Ba3Ir0.5Ti2.5O9, in addition to the already reported Ba3IrTi2O9.

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